What is Sexual Dysfunction?
Sexual dysfunction refers to a problem occurring during any phase of the sexual response cycle that prevents the individual or couple from experiencing satisfaction from the sexual activity. The sexual response cycle traditionally includes excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution. Desire and arousal are both parts of the excitement phase of the sexual response.
While research suggests that sexual dysfunction is common (43 percent of women and 31 percent of men report some degree of difficulty), it is a topic that many people are hesitant to discuss. Because treatment options are available, it is important to share your concerns with your partner and healthcare provider.
What are the types of Sexual Dysfunction?
Sexual dysfunction generally is classified into four categories:
Desire disorders —lack of sexual desire or interest in sex
Arousal disorders —inability to become physically aroused or excited during sexual activity
Orgasm disorders —delay or absence of orgasm (climax)
Pain disorders — pain during intercourse
Who is affected by sexual dysfunction?
Sexual dysfunction can affect any age, although it is more common in those over 40 because it is often related to a decline in health associated with aging.
What are the symptoms of Sexual Dysfunction?
- Inability to achieve or maintain an erection suitable for intercourse (erectile dysfunction)
- Absent or delayed ejaculation despite adequate sexual stimulation (retarded ejaculation)
- Inability to control the timing of ejaculation (early or premature ejaculation)
- Inability to achieve orgasm
- Inadequate vaginal lubrication before and during intercourse
- Inability to relax the vaginal muscles enough to allow intercourse
In men and women:
- Lack of interest in or desire for sex
- Inability to become aroused
- Pain with intercourse
What Causes Sexual Dysfunction?
Physical causes — Many physical and/or medical conditions can cause problems with sexual function. These conditions include
- Urological infections or cancer
- Cardiovascular disease (heart disease and blood vessel disease)
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Hormonal imbalances
- Drug abuse
- Neurological disorders
- Chronic diseases, such as kidney failure
- Nerve damage
These include work-related stress and anxiety, concern about sexual performance, marital or relationship problems, depression, feelings of guilt, concerns about body image, and the effects of past sexual trauma.
Treatment of Sexual Dysfunction?
PRP can be applied to both male and female sexual organs to help with conditions such as erectile dysfunction, Peyronie’s disease, vulvodynia, lichen sclerosis, or difficulty with arousal and orgasm, to name a few. PRP can help in restoring general sexual function, performance, and orgasm. The benefits of this treatment on sexual performance may be attributed to increased blood flow, repair responses in some tissue or cells, and new neural pathways being established.