Stem Cell Therapy
What are Stem Cells?
Stem Cells are peculiar cells in the human body that have the ability to develop into many different cell types. Stem cells have the ability to develop into muscle, brain, nerve, and many other cell types. This unique property of stem cells makes it highly useful in treating conditions that are caused due to damaged or absent tissues. Stem cell’s unique quality to repair and regenerate makes it extremely useful in controlling diseases caused due to cell degradation. When a stem cell is divided, the new cell formed has the ability to remain a stem cell or form into a specific tissue cell.
A clear distinction between stem cells and normal cells exist mainly because of two facts:
Non-Specific stem cells have the ability to continuously regenerate and multiply even after long periods of inactivity.
What is Stem Cell Therapy?
Stem cells have an innate ability to multiply and regenerate making it highly useful in the medical field. Even Though deeper research is required to unlock the true potential of stem cells, its safe to say that there are some treatment methods that are highly efficient while using stem cells.
Stem cell therapy is basically the use of stem cells to solve the issues in the human body that are caused due to cell degeneration or malfunction. One of the most widely accepted stem cell therapy is the use of blood-forming stem cells in the bone marrow to replace the ones that are not functioning. This treatment method has shown promising results in patients suffering from blood cancer. The hematopoietic stem cells used in the process are adult cells with a specific function of producing blood.
The scope of stem cell therapy keeps growing with the advances in research. The method can be used in treating terminal conditions that arise due to cellular malfunction. Stem cells’ ability to generate and multiply into specific organ cells also showed great promise in the field of organ donations and transplants. The need for organ transplants is always higher than the number of transplant organs available. Stem cell regeneration can solve this issue by producing specific tissue for the organ in need.
How Does Stem Cell Therapy Work?
Stem cell therapy is basically a transplant process, involving almost the same amount of risk. The stem cell transplant process starts with the modification of embryonic stem cells into adult cell types to perform a specific function.
These modified cells are then transplanted into the damaged tissue or organ replacing the damaged ones. The stem cells’ ability to repair and regenerate makes the healing process of the particular organ faster.
There are many other experimental stem cell therapies that use various types of embryonic and pluripotent stem cells to treat some specific diseases. The ability of stem cells to regenerate offers multiple avenues of application. Birth effect diseases are usually caused due to malfunctions in specific organs or tissue cells, making stem cells highly effective for treatment.
Benefits of Stem Cell Therapy
Stem cell therapy unlike many other treatment methods available today comes with a fairly high share of benefits. The stem cells are not foreign bodies that are introduced into the system like antibiotics. There are no cases where stem cells can cause side-effects.
Stem cells transplant function just like any other organ transplant excluding the fact that the organ tissues are made in a laboratory. However, stem cells have the ability to repair and regenerate which makes it highly beneficial for them to heal highly damaged organs with its self-repairing qualities.
With sufficient funding and support, stem cell therapy research could be advanced to produce a possibly cheaper and effective alternative to all the organ transplant needs around the globe.
Stem cell’s ability to form into muscle cells can be utilized in performing transplant surgeries aimed at healing muscle cells that could potentially reverse paralysis in patients with spinal muscular injuries.
The uses or medication post the stem cell transplant surgery is fairly low, pertaining to just anti-rejection medications, however, there are certain risks that are involved while undergoing stem cell therapy that we should be aware of.